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Cryptocurrency Glossary

cryptocurrency glossary

This is the system that allows you to mine and has enough processing power to provide reasonable value of coins. A form of digital currency that consists cryptocurrency glossary of encrypted lines of coding with unique signatures. They’re easy to track, based on sound mathematical principle, easy to use, and secure.

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Exchanges are one of the only ways to change cryptocurrencies into fiat and transfer that value into a bank account. A web cryptocurrency glossary assembly version implemented by theEthereum Virtual Machine that provides additional functionality for blockchains.

It uses mathematical methods to “inspect” the code of any program or smart contract before that code is run. Formal verification evaluates all the paths a program might take to identify unexpected bugs or unforeseen outcomes. Since all blockchain applications are permanent and deal with real world value, formal verification is the standard for blockchain software development.

This is because this type of data storage detects common corruption issues. A deposit address is where someone deposits their digital assets. If you are using ShapeShift, you will need to send your digital assets to the deposit address before receiving the asset you desire. Paper wallets – A physical piece of paper that is a physical representation of owned crypto. The block height is the number of blocks separating the current block and the genesis block. The first internationally renowned digital payment network and protocol.

cryptocurrency glossary

The highest blocks in a chain are more likely to be reordered or discarded, with a probability that is inversely correlated to their block depth. The determination of how immutable the information in a blockchain is. A block’s position cryptocurrency glossary index in the blockchain relative to the genesis block. The generation of blockchain technology that focuses on scalability and interoperability. This generation of blockchain typically enables the use of smart contracts.


In Delegated Proof-of-Work, the solution-finding process remains the same as inProof-of-Work, but theactorthat finds the solution may assign block-producing rights to another actor. Because this threshold is ⅓ of the total network processing rate, the system is considered byzantine fault tolerant. Proof-of-Work’s security is rooted in the computational difficulty of the algorithm. Because it is an essentially random process to find a solution, the probability of solving the problem is related to the actor’s cryptocurrency glossary processing speed and the acceptance criteria for the solution . Stricter acceptance criteria reduce the speed at which the network finds a solution, and varying the acceptance criteria can allow a network to control the solution rate. A consensus mechanism in which actors race to solve a computationally difficult problem in order to win the ability to produce the next block in a blockchain. The principles underlying private key infrastructures are also applied for manyzero-knowledge proofapplications.

A company or group of like-minded entities that operate based on the rules set forth in a smart contract. DAOs are used to transform business logic into software logic recorded on a blockchain. cryptocurrency glossary If two valid blocks are submitted for the same block height, one of them will eventually be discarded, while the other one will become the canonical block from which future blocks are built.

Major Cryptocurrency Terms

Bitcoin can be natively exchanged between parties on the network in a peer-to-peer manner. For the system to remain secure, these miners must value the bitcoin they receive more than they value they would gain by exploiting the network. The service of “miners” or validators in the network are denominated and paid in bitcoin. For permissionless networks such as Bitcoin, they are a critical part of the game theory and incentive mechanism that keeps the network secure. that the included reference matches the hash of the previously-added block. In the physical world, the ultimate scarce resource is time, so a proof-of-work could be a simple timecard of hours spent at the office. In the digital world, it is trivial for a computer to “forge” a simple timecard.

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  • A cryptographic signature is a mathematical mechanism that allows someone to prove ownership.
  • Since mining of cryptocurrency data blocks can demand a lot of computer space and time, some miners set aside entire devices—or partition off a section of their computers—to do nothing but mining.
  • In the case of Bitcoin, a Bitcoin wallet and its private key are linked by some mathematical magic.
  • Block- A block is a group of cryptocurrency transactions that are grouped together and recorded on a blockchain after they have been verified.
  • Once a block enters the blockchain, it is publicly available and permanent.
  • An Application Specific Integrated Circuit is a computer chip created to perform one specific function, and only that function.

In proof-of-work consensus systems, miners expend energy to solve a puzzle and in return for a reward. In a proof-of-stake system, “validators” post a bond or “stake” to a smart contract, earning rewards or “interest” for properly validating the state of the blockchain. “Gas” is the fee paid to the miners of a blockchain to execute the code of a smart contract. Ethereum is an example of a Turing-complete blockchain, along with most other smart contract protocols. Most integrated circuits — like the CPUs in smartphones and laptops – can do a lot of different types of computations. For example, they render webpages or process user input during a game.

There are a number of other words and phrases you’ll come across when you trade or mine coins. You cryptocurrency glossary need to become familiar with ethereum terminology, Altcoin lingo, etc, in order to be successful.

By layering systems atop one another, it is possible to combine their individual strengths and minimizes their shortcomings. Because security is the most important property for Layer 1 blockchains, much of the focus on scalability has been at Layer 2. Layer 1 software serves as the foundation upon which other layers are built. Because it is the foundation, it should have extremely strong security and fault-tolerance — you wouldn’t want to construct a skyscraper on a weak foundation. In computer science, infrastructure and applications are often built using a similarly layered approach.

cryptocurrency glossary

Decentralized Market

A piece of data that includes information about another piece of data, for example information about a specific transaction. Any incoming transaction where the user did not directly invest US dollars is considered incoming. A gift of cryptocurrency sent to somebody is nontaxable to a certain bar set by the IRS. Purchasing an asset during its rapid decline in price, expecting that the price will increase. The act of reverting an encryption process to transform the encrypted data into its original form. A temporary block added to the blockchain in order to receive the block rewards.

Uk Regulator Looks To Ban Crypto

Distributed Ledger

cryptocurrency lingo

5 out of 9 signers to approve of a transaction for it to go through. This is useful for corporate wallets, where many owners and employees have to approve before a transaction is sent. Etherscan can scan account balances and transactions associated with a public key. It can be hard sometimes to understand exactly what’s going on with blockchain.

cryptocurrency lingo

In 2013, it was 25, in 2018 it was 12.5, and in May of 2020, it was halved to 6.25. Bitcoin cryptocurrency lingo mining is the process of creating new bitcoin by solving a computational puzzle.

Attorney Craig Carpenito said the BitClub Network was “little more than a modern, high-tech Ponzi scheme.” This scheme was not the first of its kind. In recent years, fraudsters have used a variety of cryptocurrency Ponzi schemes to steal billions of dollars from investors. While it is usually considered to be someone who promotes scammers, in crypto it means anyone who writes anything good about an alt coin. A hardware wallet is a piece of equipment you plug into your computer. This allows you to protect and store your coin in a secure environment not connected to the internet. This is the most secure wallet but it is more expensive than software wallets.

Decentralized Applications are open source and the use is incentivized by rewards or tokens. The exercise of cryptocurrency owners exchanging currencies at existing rates without buying or selling their holdings.

Russia also secretly supported Venezuela with the creation of the petro , a national cryptocurrency initiated by the Maduro government to obtain valuable oil revenues by circumventing US sanctions. For ether, transaction fees differ by computational complexity, bandwidth use, and storage needs, while bitcoin transaction fees differ by transaction size and whether the transaction uses SegWit. In September 2018, the median transaction fee for ether corresponded to $0.017, while for bitcoin it corresponded to $0.55. Most cryptocurrency tokens are fungible and interchangeable. Such tokens can serve as assets in games like CryptoKitties. In March 2018, the word cryptocurrency was added to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Ownership of cryptocurrency units can be proved exclusively cryptographically.

Related Terms

  • Regulators in several countries have warned against cryptocurrency and some have taken concrete regulatory measures to dissuade users.
  • If a malicious user tries to spend their bitcoins to two different recipients at the same time, this is double spending.
  • In this case, though the blocks are pieces of digital information and the chain is the decentralized network that stores the blockchain.
  • Note that there is no standard way of conducting initial coin offerings.
  • An ICO involves a marketing process, private sale, then a public sale of a newly-listed token, which then aims to be listed on as many cryptocurrency exchanges as possible.
  • Bitcoin mining and the block chain are there to create a consensus on the network about which of the two transactions will confirm and be considered valid.

Validator A participant on a proof-of-stake blockchain, involved in validating blocks for rewards. Transaction Fee A payment for using the blockchain to transact. Trade Volume The amount of the cryptocurrency that has been traded in the last 24 hours. Token A digital unit designed with utility in mind, providing access and use of a larger crypto economic system. It does not have a store of value on its own, but is made so that software can be developed around it.

They’re easy to track, based on sound mathematical principle, easy to use, and secure. The most well-known example of this is Bitcoin but there are other currencies like Namecoin, Litecoin, and PPCoin available as well. Address is similar to your bank account number or identity. It provides people with a destination so they can make payments and transfer coins. The Address is unique and encrypted so it can’t be altered or uncovered by anyone.

Many ICOs turned into crypto scams, completely erasing investors’ funds. The number of ICOs had sharply decreased during the year of 2018, and in January 2019, Binance was the first exchange to conduct an Initial Exchange Offering . The ICO Bubble lasted from October 2017 to March cryptocurrency lingo 2018; each of those months saw hundreds of successful ICO fundraisings. The vast majority of those ICOs were ERC-20 type, based on the Ethereum blockchain. The most secured digital wallets are the cold storage paper wallets or hardware wallets, such as Trezor and Ledger.

What Is A Centralized Crypto Exchange (cex)?

There’s a lot of jargon and some acronyms that are very particular to cryptocurrency enthusiasts and their communities. Zero Knowledge Proof In cryptography, a zero-knowledge proof enables one party to provide evidence that a transaction or event happened without revealing private details of that transaction or event. Yield Farming Yield farming involves earning interest by investing crypto in decentralized finance markets. Whitepaper A document prepared by an ICO project team to cryptocurrency lingo interest investors with its vision, cryptocurrency use and cryptoeconomic design, technical information, and a roadmap for how it plans to grow and succeed. Watchlist A watchlist is a feature of the website where users can create their own lists of cryptocurrencies to follow. Alternative definition A watchlist is a set of pages a user has selected to monitor for changes. Vanity Address A cryptocurrency public address with custom letters and numbers, usually picked by its owner.

cryptocurrency lingo

What Is Mining? Who Are The Miners?

Not only do bitcoin miners have to come up with the right hash, but they also have to be the first to do it. The difficulty level is adjusted every 2016 blocks, or roughly every 2 weeks, with the goal of keeping rates of mining constant. Bitcoin cryptocurrency lingo successfully halved its mining reward—from 12.5 to 6.25—for the third time on May 11th, 2020. The amount of new bitcoin released with each mined block is called the “block reward.” The block reward is halved every 210,000 blocks .


Timestamp A form of identification for when a certain transaction occurred, usually with date and time of day and accurate to fractions of a second. Technical Analysis / Trend Analysis An evaluation method involving statistical analyses of market activity, such as price and volume.

It’s how you prove that you own a specific private key without flashing your key around in public. Digital signatures verify ownership, keeping your private key safe and away from cryptocurrency lingo prying hands. Department of Justice filed criminal charges against five defendants in connection with a $722 million cryptocurrency fraud scheme called the BitClub Network.

Or at least, you won’t come off like such a nocoiner. Still, even for seasoned investors, cryptocurrency lingo there’s a lot of slang you have to know if you want to sound like an expert.